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The Growth of LITERACY in Karaikal is better level. To avoid dropouts and providing formal education to the younger generation, the Government of Puducherry introduced various welfare schemes like Morning BREAK-FAST, MID-DAY MEALS, free foot wears, free uniform dresses, free text books and notes, scholoarship for economic weaker sections etc., There is a wide network of Educational Institutions right from the Primary level to Collegiate level in Karaikal region.

School Education : As per the record of Department of School Education, totally, there are about 2 Pre-Primary Schools, 83 Primary Schools, 24 Middle Schools, 43 High Schools and 20 Higher Secondary Schools  are running. Most of the schools are following TamilNadu State Board syllabus, whereas remaining few schools are following the CBSE pattern which includes one Jawahar NAVODAYA Vidyalaya.

Higher Education : Among the Collegiate Education, 2 Government Arts & Science Colleges including one for Women are functioning. One more Arts College is run by privators.

In PROFESSIONAL COLLEGES, One Agricultural College & Research Institute (PAJANCOA & RI), One Engineering College and a College of Education are run by Government Societies. Pondicherry University also established off campus centre at Karaikal in the year 2007 to cater the local demands of Management Studies, Commerce and Computer Science. In the academic year 2005-06, the two Diploma Courses in Multipurpose Health Worker-Female (DMPHW-F) and Medical Laboratory Technology (DMLT) were started at Karaikal by the “Mother Theresa Institute of Health Sciences (Pondicherry) Society”, funded by the Government of Puducherry

Apart from the Government Institutions, One Engineering College, One Medical College, Teacher Training Institutes, Nursing college are also running by privators.

National Institute of Technology (NIT), Puducherry also functioning at Karaikal.

In respect of TECHNICAL and TRAINING INSTITUTES, two Industrial Training Institutes for men and women are run by the Labour Department. Moreover, one Govt. Polytechnic (PIPMATE), & a Special Training School for Driving are also functioning by the Transport department.

FRENCH, HINDI, URDU Education, CULTURAL TRAINING, Other Language Courses, Leading Computer Training Institutes, etc. are also available. Apart from a Central LIBRARY in Karaikal, 18 villages viz. T.R.Pattinam, Melaiyur, Neravy, Oozhiapathu, Vizhithiyur, Akkaraivattam, Thirunallar, Sellur, Sethur, Nallambal, Ambagarathur, Surakudy, Nedungadu, Kurumbagaram, Poovam, Kottucherry, Nehru Nagar and Karaikal Medu are having Branch Libraries controlled by department of Art & Culture.

Extra curriculam: Separate units for N.C.C in Army and Navel Wings, National Service Scheme, Scouts are useful for students. Sports complex for games, Sports Clubs, Health Clubs are running for others also.

ADMINISTRATION: Chief Educational Officer is the head of office of the School Education Department, Karaikal. One Deputy Director of Education is the head of Higher Secondary School Education.