After Independence the main thrust was given for the rural developement to build strong and Modern India as enshrined in Ghandian thoughts. As a part of this National Extension Service Scheme was implemented by Govt. of India. Karaikal region was declared as National Extension Service Block, and the office started functioning at Thirunallar on 2nd October 1956.

        Thiru A. Subbarayapillai was the first Block Development Officer.
        At present Tmt. R. Banumathi is the BDO in Karaikal.


I.     Community Development Programme / Education Scheme

        *  Purchase and installation of coloured T.V. sets at various places in the Block.

        *  Sports articles are purchased and distributed to various Mahila / Yuvak Mandals.

        *   Assistance given for the construction of houses to poor homeless rural people.

        *  Conduct of National Festivals, Celebration of Rural Development Week and supply of Library books to Mahila /Yuvak Mandals.

II.     Promotion and Strengthening of Yuvak / Mahila Mandals

        *   Construction of community halls and recreation centres.

        *   Formation of play field and children's park.

        *   Monitoring of poverty alleviation programmes through Honorary Rural Organisers.

        *   Motivation of Mahila /Yuvak mandals through incentive awards and issue of grant-in-aid.

III.     Strengthening of Block Administration

        *  Salaries are paid to Technical and Administrative staff under strengthening.

IV.     Applied Nutrition Programme

        *   Maintenance of gradens, purchase and distribution of fruit plants to Mahila /Yuvak Mandals and conduct of Well Baby Show.

V.     District Rural Development Agency

        *  Indira Awas Yojana - Provision of 100% subsidy to construct low cost houses to the economically weaker sections of the rural people.

        *  Central Rural Sanitation Programme / Minimum Needs Programme. Provision of 80% of subsidy for construction of sanitary latrines.

        *  Jawahar Rozgar Yojana - Generation of gainful employment to unemployed / under employed persons.

VI.     Integrated Rural Energy Programme

The IREP was started in Karaikal during 1993.

        *  Non-Conventional sources of energy-propagate the use of non-conventional and  renewable energy devices like windmill, Solar heaters etc.

        *  Improved models of chulhas designed by TNAU were introduced and distributed to rural people under subsidised cost.